gastritis

Gastritis – Symptoms and treatment of stomach diseases

Health

Gastritis is an inflammatory disease of the stomach that symptoms itself in severe pain or cramps in the abdomen.

Acute gastritis can develop into chronic problems, often into stomach ulcers. Therefore, it is good to notice the initial symptoms.

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is caused by the disruption of the mucus layer of the stomach. This layer protects the inner walls of the stomach from the effects of stomach acids. If gastric acid comes into contact with the gastric mucosa, it can disrupt it and create changes in the gastric mucosa in the form of inflammatory processes or gastric ulcers.

Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach) can be an acute problem or develop into chronic conditions.

Acute gastritis arises for several reasons. It can be the result of stress – injuries, burns, sepsis, or long-term use of certain medicines (medicines for headaches and rheumatic diseases). The most serious complication may be bleeding in the stomach.

Chronic gastritis is divided into several types:

Type A – an autoimmune form of gastritis – the body responds to its own cells and substances in the stomach and produces antibodies against them.
Type B – bacterial gastritis – is caused by helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori are the cause of gastritis in up to 80-90% of cases. It is therefore important to protect yourself against this bacterium and infection. Helicobacter transmission methods are very common and affect each of us. Read more about the bacterium helicobacter pylori and its transmission.
Type C – toxic – chronic gastritis in this case is caused by the action of some drugs, which by their side effects act on the gastric mucosa. Such drugs include mainly ibuprofen, aspirin .. and chronic alcoholism is also classified as a toxic substance.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

Gastritis has various symptoms and changes in our digestive system, which we often attribute to other diseases or consider to be common. The most common symptoms of gastritis are stomach problems, such as:

  • stomach burning
  • heartburn
  • anorexia, loss of appetite
  • flatulence, bloating
  • feeling lazy stomach
  • pain in the upper abdomen

 

Among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease is pernicious anemia (so-called pernicious), in which the gastric mucosa is damaged to such an extent that vitamin B12 is absorbed only partially or even not at all.

How is gastritis diagnosed?

Gastric inflammation is diagnosed by examination by a gastroenterologist. In addition to taking blood, the doctor also performs the so-called gastroscopy – examination of the stomach using a probe. During the examination, the doctor must check the condition of the gastric mucosa to see if there have been any changes – redness, swelling, and no stomach ulcers. Usually, a sample is taken from the walls of the stomach, which is then sent for histological examination. The diagnosis also verifies the presence of Helicobacter pylori.

This is done by taking a sample from the gastric mucosa during gastroscopy. If you suspect that you may have a helicobacter, try a home helicobacter antigen test.

Treatment of gastritis – gastritis

If your doctor diagnoses you with acute gastritis, he or she may not recommend any chemical medications for it. In this case, you will cure acute gastritis and get rid of stomach pain with diet, rest, and natural nutritional supplements.

In chronic gastritis, your doctor will usually suggest treatment with strong drugs to reduce the production of stomach acids, so-called antacids, or proton pump inhibitors.

These medicines reduce the production of stomach acids and usually relieve the patient’s pain with short-term use. However, be careful with their long-term use, as they can have side effects in the form of impaired digestion and other pains.

If the presence of h.pylori bacteria is also detected in gastritis, then treatment to remove the helicobacter pylori is mainly used.

 

 

Read next –>¬† Ulcers – Symptoms and treatment of stomach diseases

 

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