Irritable bowel syndrome is a type of functional gastrointestinal disorder.
Although the disease is unpleasant, it does not leave any permanent damage and there are opportunities to alleviate the symptoms.
IRRITANT SYNDROME (IBS)
Patients who regularly suffer from constipation or diarrhea may be diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, a common gastrointestinal disease.
About 10 to 15 percent of adults suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, with only about half diagnosed. The most typical symptoms of this disease include diarrhea, constipation, bloating, abdominal pain, and other gastrointestinal(GI) diseases, including indigestion.
Although the causes of this chronic disease are not well known, we include among the potential factors that trigger the symptoms of the syndrome: diet composition, stress, and the presence of certain bacteria living in the intestine. Internal factors, such as brain-gut communication, genetic predisposition, levels of certain hormones, or other chemicals, can also affect the onset and worsening of this disease. Thus, irritable bowel syndrome is affected by various internal and external factors, while the disease is also affected by the lifestyle of the individual and his eating habits.
Because IBS is affected by both internal and external factors, the disease can also affect lifestyle and eating habits.
Some foods or diets can make the disease worse, while other diets can make it better. If you avoid foods that trigger the symptoms of this syndrome, make a note of what you eat and consume only suitable nutrients, such as fiber, you can alleviate your problems. Medicines can also help you. New research into the benefits of probiotics shows that these microorganisms can also be effective in helping people with GI diseases.
Symptoms of bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome is presented mainly by indeterminate abdominal pain, convulsions, and poor bowel mobility.
The main features of IBS have therefore been defined as:
- growth of bacterial microflora – dangerous and rapid rise of adverse bacteria in the digestive tract
- psychological changes – an increase in psychological diagnoses, especially anxiety and depressive disorders, was observed in most patients.
- similar eating characteristics – a predisposition to the penetration of IBS is the frequent consumption of foods high in white flour and carbohydrates, which the body cannot digest in sufficient quantities – its residues accumulate in the digestive tract, which can cause inflammation
- intestinal infections, and the use of antibiotics – irritable bowel syndrome was more common in patients after taking ATB, or after overcoming intestinal flu. This reason is probably related to the lack of a healthy microbiome and its slow recovery.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a relatively common disease (sources report up to 20% of the population), which is more common in younger women than in men. It is sometimes referred to as “intestinal neurosis”, which indicates its connection with psychological manifestations.
It is not yet known exactly why this disease occurs.
However, there is a presumption that the development of this disease weakens the nerve connection between the brain and the digestive tract. As the saying goes – digestion is our second brain, the two organs are significantly connected. Therefore, this problem occurs more often in people who are subject to excessive stress, distrust of their strength, poor diet, and lack of movement or other mental relaxation. These factors also affect the attenuated microbiome.
Typical symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Diarrhea – Some patients report diarrhea that occurs regularly, almost constantly
- Constipation – severe forms of constipation, when the patient does not excrete stool for 3-5 days and is accompanied by pain (stabbing in the abdomen, cramps)
- A typical symptom is the alternation of diarrheal phases with periods of constipation
- It is clear that the symptoms of IBS worsen with the onset of stress
- In more severe periods, acute problems can also occur – severe stinging in the abdomen, cramps in the stomach, accompanied by burning pain (released after excretion of stool or gases). Abdominal cramps and pain in patients with IBS occur regularly and frequently – about once a week.
- Mucus may appear in the stools of patients, and hemorrhoidal bleeding may occur with symptoms associated with constipation.
- External symptoms often include heartburn, gargling, nausea, and occasional vomiting.
- If the patient develops a large weight loss, fever, or blood in the stool, a doctor should be consulted.
Irritable bowel syndrome home treatment
The most important thing about IBS is diet
And also psychological rest. Given that the origin and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are also significantly affected by the psyche and stress, it is important to work with the mind in addition to changes in diet.
Find time for a mental break from your daily stereotype – here it is important to find your way because we are each different and we experience different activities during the day.
People who have a stressful job are advised to calm down, for example in the form of breathing exercises or yoga, but some need to get excess energy out of themselves through active sports – boxing or running. Find out what suits you best and apply the musculoskeletal part of the treatment at least twice a week.
The IBS diet is also very specific and reflects the latest knowledge about a healthy diet.
The dietary recommendations for irritable bowel syndrome are mainly the following:
- No fast food and poor quality food – exclude processed food and pastries from white flour from life. Flour meals should be reduced very significantly, if they are part of your daily diet, replace at least white wholemeal flour.
- Actively supplement fiber – it is very important for the proper movement of food in the intestines and regular bowel movements. We eat a lack of fiber in our regular diet. Learn more about why fiber is important.
- Elimination of alcohol and sweets – especially in the evening, do not try to calm your mind with these bad habits but give your body time to rest
- Focus on the drinking regime – drink regularly during the day, avoid sweetened drinks and bubbles (worsen the symptoms of IBS – gargling, bloating), drink mainly clean lukewarm water (has a beneficial effect on internal organs) or herbal unsweetened teas
- Vegetables and fruits – there are no restrictions in this regard for patients with IBS, the rule “the more, the better” applies. You will supplement the much-needed fiber in fruits and vegetables. Suitable are salads, steaming, fruit.